Periodontosis is a bacterial immflamation of the goms, which leads to irreversible damage, tooth loss and gom shrinkage. In the early stages of Periodontosis no pain is felt, which is why an early control and treatment is important.
Chief problem by Periodontosis is bacterial coating on the gum edge, that is not completely removed. The body's immune system produces enzymes to destroy and neutralise these by-products. These enzymes however cause breakdown of bone tissue, collagen and connective tissues. First indications of Periodontosis are red and swollen gums, bleeding, gum reversion, bad breath, pus and loosening of teeth. Periodontosis is mostly a genetic problem.
Other factors play a role, false mouth hygiene, nicotine, immune problems and diabetes. To minimise the risk factors of Periodontosis a dental visit two to four times a year should be undertaken for a prophylactic preservation therapy.